We will examine the mechanistic basis for spectral and functional variation within a species, scaling from the variation in genes (left), transcriptomes, and metabolites to the variation that emerges in leaves, canopies, and genetically distinct individuals exposed to contrasting environments (right).

 
  Part of: Cavender-Bares J, Reich PB, Townsend PA, Banerjee A, Butler E, Desai A, Gevens A, Hobbie SE, Isbell F, Lalibert√© E, Meireles JE, Menninger H, Pavlick RP, Pinto-Ledezma J, Potter C, Schuman MC, Springer N, Stefanski A, Trivedi P, Trowbridge A, Williams L, Willis CG, Yang Y (2021) BII-Implementation: The causes and consequences of plant biodiversity across scales in a rapidly changing world. Research Ideas and Outcomes 7: e63850. https://doi.org/10.3897/rio.7.e63850