The five project Themes—1. Genetic and environmental drivers of trait variation, 2. Evolution of variation in traits across the tree of life, 3. Community assembly dynamics, 4. Biodiversity consequences for ecosystems, 5. Advancing tissue- to ecosystem-scale modeling of Earth’s land surface—and the bridging projects (BP) that integrate them, indicated by connecting arrows.

  Part of: Cavender-Bares J, Reich PB, Townsend PA, Banerjee A, Butler E, Desai A, Gevens A, Hobbie SE, Isbell F, Laliberté E, Meireles JE, Menninger H, Pavlick RP, Pinto-Ledezma J, Potter C, Schuman MC, Springer N, Stefanski A, Trivedi P, Trowbridge A, Williams L, Willis CG, Yang Y (2021) BII-Implementation: The causes and consequences of plant biodiversity across scales in a rapidly changing world. Research Ideas and Outcomes 7: e63850.